Guidelines You Must Follow To Avoid A Miscarriage
Though most miscarriages occur due to a genetic abnormality in the foetus, some other factors too may trigger it, which include maternal age (above 35) and maternal health problems or issues (such as earlier miscarriages, uterus abnormalities, hypertension, coeliac disease, obesity, diabetes, thyroid and/or kidney problems, and polycystic ovaries). Certain lifestyle choices too (like smoking, intake of alcohol/illegal drugs, excessive caffeine consumption) can increase the risk of a miscarriage. Here are some guidelines and preventive steps you must follow to avoid this unfortunate incident.
Daily Intake Of Folic Acid
Make sure you have at least 600mg of folic acid every day, starting (if possible) two months prior to conception.
Stick To A Balanced Diet
Eat well-balanced meals consisting of lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy, etc. that give you and your baby all the necessary nutrition.
Have A Moderate, Regular Exercise Schedule
Keep moving during your pregnancy to stay physically fit. Consult your doctor or a professional trainer to do some moderate exercises daily that offer relief from common pregnancy symptoms (indigestion, constipation, back pain, leg swelling, morning sickness, insomnia, etc.), strengthen your muscles and joints, and help prepare your body for the big day.
Learn Techniques To Handle Stress
A risk of a miscarriage reduces by a whopping 60 per cent if you stay happy and relaxed during your pregnancy. So, learn and practice breathing techniques, meditation, or anything else that helps you manage stress better.
Keep A Close Watch On Your Weight
Obese women who gain additional weight during pregnancy are more prone to suffering a miscarriage. If your BMI (body mass index) is more than 30, it’s ideal for you to shed some weight before you think of conceiving. Also, during pregnancy, you should stay active. If regular exercising isn’t your cup of tea, doing light household work, taking a brisk walk every morning for 30-45 minutes, or swimming are some easy ways to stay physically fit. However, make sure you seek your doctor’s advice before you start doing any exercise, even when it’s as simple as a morning walk.
Some other things you must do include lowering your caffeine consumption, staying away from junk food, drinking, and smoking. Also, avoid contact sports or activities that increase your risk of an injury and steer clear of environmental hazards like infectious diseases, radiation, and x-rays.