CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 2 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 2.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 English Core Paper 2
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 2 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Englsih Core is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time Allowed: 3 hours
Maximum Marks: 100
- This paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed Word limit while answering the questions.
READING (30 MARKS)
Read the following passage carefully. (12 Marks)
1. Maharana Pratap ruled over Mewar only for 25 years. However, he accomplished so much grandeur during his reign that his glory surpassed the boundaries of countries and time turning him into an immortal personality. He along with his kingdom became a synonym for valour, sacrifice and patriotism. Mewar had been a leading Rajput kingdom even before Maharana Pratap occupied the throne. Kings of Mewar, with the cooperation of their nobles and subjects, had established such traditions in the kingdom, as augmented their magnificence despite the hurdles of having a smaller area under their command and less population. There did come a few thorny occasions when the flag of the kingdom seemed sliding down. Their flag once again heaved high in the sky thanks to the gallantry and brilliance of the people of Mewar.
2. The destiny of Mewar was good in the sense that barring a few kings, most of the rulers were competent and patriotic. This glorious tradition of the kingdom almost continued for 1500 years since its establishment, right from the reign of Bappa Rawal. In fact only 60 years before Maharana Pratap, Rana Sanga drove the kingdom to the pinnacle of fame. His reputation went beyond Rajasthan and reached Delhi. Two generations before him, Rana Kumbha had given a new stature to the kingdom through victories and developmental work. During his reign, literature and art also progressed extraordinarily. Rana himself was inclined towards writing and his works are read with reverence even today. The ambience of his kingdom was conducive to the creation of high quality work of art and literature. These accomplishments were the outcome of a long standing tradition sustained by several generations.
3. The life of the people of Mewar must have been peaceful and prosperous during the long span of time; otherwise such extraordinary accomplishment in these fields would not have been possible. This is reflected in their art and literature as well as their loving nature. They compensate for lack of admirable physique by their firm but pleasant nature. The ambience of Mewar remains lovely thanks to the cheerful and liberal character of its people.
4. One niay observe astonishing pieces of workmanship not only in the forts and palaces of Mewar but also in public utility buildings. Ruins of many structures which are still standing tall in their grandeur are testimony to the fact that Mewar was not only the land of the brave but also a seat of art and culture. Amidst aggression and bloodshed, literature and art flourished and creative pursuits of literature and artists did not suffer. Imagine, how glorious the period must have been when the Vijaya Stambha which is the sample of our great ancient architecture even today, was constructed. In the same fort, Kirti Stambha is standing high, reflecting how liberal the then administration was which allowed people from other communities and kingdoms to come and carry out construction work. It is useless to indulge in the debate whether the Vijaya Stambha was constructed first or the Kirti Stambha. The fact is that both the capitals are standing side by side and reveal the proximity between the king and \ the subjects of Mewar.
5. The cycle of time does not remain the same. Whereas the reign of Rana Sanga was crucial in raising the kingdom to the acme of glory, it also proved to be his nemesis. 1“ History took a turn. The fortune of Mewar—the land of the brave, started waning. Rana tried to save the day with his acumen which was running against the stream and the glorious traditions for sometime. (Delhi, All India, Foreign 2016)
I. On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option. (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
(a) Maharana Pratap became immortal because:
- he ruled Mewar for 25 years.
- he added a lot of grandeur to Mewar.
- of his valour, sacrifice and patriotism.
- both (ii) and (Hi).
(b) Difficulties in the way of Mewar were:
- lack of cooperation of the nobility,
- ancient traditions of the kingdom.
- its small area and small population.
- the poverty of the subjects.
(c) During thorny occasions:
- the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered.
- the flag of Mewar was hoisted high.
- the people of Mewar showed gallantry.
- most of the rulers heaved a sigh of relief.
(d) Mewar was lucky because:
- all of its rulers were competent.
- most of its people were competent.
- most of its rulers were competent.
- only a few of its people were incompetent.
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 6 = 6 Marks)
(e) Who is the earliest king of Mewar mentioned in the passage?
(f) What was Rana Kumbha’s contribution to the glory of Mewar?
(g) What does the writer find worth admiration in the people of Mewar?
(h) How could art and literature flourish in Mewar?
(i) How did the rulers show that they cared for their subjects?
(j) What does the erection of Vijaya Stambha and Kirti Stambha in the same fort signify?
III. Find words from the passage which mean the same as: (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) surprising (para 4)
(b) evidence (para 4)
Read the following passage carefully. (10 Marks)
1. To ensure its perpetuity, the ground is well held by the panther both in space and in time. It enjoys a much wider distribution over the globe than its bigger cousins, and procreates sufficiently profusely to ensure its continuity for all time to come.
2. There seems to be no particular breeding season of the panther, although its sawing and caterwauling is more frequently heard during winter and summer. The gestation period is about ninety to hundred days (Whipsnade, ninety-two days). The litter normally consists of four cubs, rarely five. Of these, generally two survive and not more than one reaches maturity. I have never come across more than two cubs at.the heels of the mother. Likewise, graziers in the forest have generally found only two cubs hidden away among rocks, hollows of trees, and other impossible places.
3. Panther cubs are generally in evidence in March. They are born blind. This is a provision of Nature against their drifting away from the place of safety in which they are lodged by their mother, and exposing themselves to the danger of their being devoured by hyenas, jackals and other predators. They generally open their eyes in about three to four weeks.
4. The mother alone rears its cubs in seclusion. It keeps them out of the reach of the impulsive and impatient male. As a matter of fact the mother separates from the male soon after mating and forgets all about their tumultuous union. The story that the male often looks in to find out how the mother is progressing with her cubs has no foundation except in what we wish it should do at least.
5. The mother carries its cubs about by holding them by the scruff of their neck in its mouth. It trains them to stalk, and teaches them how to deliver the bite of death to the prey. The cubs learn to treat all and sundry with suspicion at their mother’s heels. Instinctively the cubs seek seclusion, keep to cover and protect their flanks by walking along the edge of the forest.
6. I have never had an opportunity to watch mother panther train its cubs. But in Pilibhit forests, I once saw a tigress giving some lessons to its little ones. I was sitting over its kill at Mala. As the sun set, the tigress materialised in the twilight behind my machan. For about an hour, it scanned and surveyed the entire area looking and listening with the gravest concern. It even went to the road where my elephant was awaiting my signal. The mahout spotted it from a distance and drove the elephant away.
7. When darkness descended upon the scene and all was well and safe, the tigress called its cubs by emitting a low haa-oon. The cubs, two in number and bigger than a full-grown cat, soon responded. They came trotting up to their mother and hurried straight to the kill in indecent haste. The mother spitted at them so furiously that they doubled back to its heels immediately. Thereafter, the mother and its cubs sat under cover about 50 feet (15 m) away from the kill to watch, wait, look, and listen. After about half an hour’s patient and fidgetless vigil the mother seemed to say ‘paid for’. At this signal, the cubs cautiously advanced, covering their flanks, towards the kill. No longer did they make a beeline for it, as they had done before.
8. The mother sat watching its cubs eat, and mounted guard on them. She did not partake of the meal. (Delhi, All India, Foreign, 2016)
I. On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer the following questions by choosing the most appropriate option. (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) To protect its cubs the mother panther hides them :
- among rocks
- in the branches of the trees
- behind the tree trunks
- at its heels
(b) The male panther :
- is protective of its cubs
- trains its cubs
- watches the progress of the mother
- is impulsive and impatient
II. Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. (1 × 6 = 6 Marks)
(c) How many cubs does the mother panther rarely deliver?
(d) What may happen if the panther cubs are not born blind?
(e) Why did the mahout drive his elephant away?
(f) Why did the tigress spit at its cubs?
(g) From the narrator’s observation, what do we learn about the nature of the tigress?
(h) Why does the panther not face the risk of extinction?
III. Find words from the passage which are similar in meaning to the following. (1 × 2 = 2 Marks)
(a) moving aimlessly (para 3)
(b) came down / fell (para 7)
Read the following passage carefully. (8 Marks)
People tend to amass possessions, sometimes without being aware of doing so. They can have a delightful surprise when they find something useful which they did not know they owned. Those who never have to change house become indiscriminate collectors of what , can only be described as clutter. They leave unwanted objects in drawers, cupboards and attics for years in the belief that they may one day need them. Old people also accumulate belongings for two other reasons, lack of physical and mental energy, and sentiment. Things owned for a long time are full of associations with the past, perhaps with the relatives who are dead, and so they gradually acquire a sentimental value.
Some things are collected deliberately in an attempt to avoid wastage. Among these are string and brown paper, kept by thrifty people when a parcel has been opened. Collecting small items can be a mania. A lady cuts out from newspapers sketches of model clothes that she would like to buy if she had money. As she is not rich, the chances are that she will never be able to afford such purchases. It is a harmless habit, but it litters up her desk. Collecting as a serious hobby is quite different and has many advantages. It provides relaxation for leisure hours, as just looking at one’s treasure is always a joy. One doesn’t have to go out for amusement as the collection is housed at home. Whatever it consists of – stamps, records, first editions of books, china – there is always something to do in connection with it, from finding the right place for the latest addition to verifying facts in reference books. This hobby educates one not only in the chosen subject, but also in general matters which have some bearing on it.
There are other benefits also. One gets to meet like-minded collectors to get advice, compare notes, exchange articles, to show off one’s latest find. So one’s circle of friends grows. Soon the hobby leads to travelling, perhaps a meeting in another town, possibly a trip abroad in search of a rare specimen, for collectors are not confined to one country. Over the years one may well become an authority on one’s hobby and will probably be asked to give informal talks to little gatherings and then, if successful, to larger audiences. [Delhi, All India, Foreign 2016]
A. On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary—minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it. (5 Marks)
B. Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words. (3 Marks)
ADVANCE WRITING SKILLS (30 MARKS)
Draft an advertisement in about 50 words for a leading practising lawyer Karan Kumar who wishes to buy an independent house of about 1000 square feet at City Light Road to be used as an office- cum-residence. It should be located in a posh area with excellent facilities. Uninterrupted water & electricity. Nearby market must. His mobile No. is 45645678. (4 Marks)
You have planned to organize a summer camp for the children of age group 10¬13 years for developing their creative skills in art—craft, clay modeling, music etc. in your school during the month of May. Draft a notice in not more than 50 words for your notice-board giving details. Mention the last date of registration of the students/ you are Reena/Roshan, Secretary Art and Craft Club, B.V. Public School, Chandigarh.
Your school, KKR Senior Secondary School, is situated in the heart of the city of Mangalore. Many stray animals roam on the school road causing traffic jams as well as accidents. Write a letter to the editor of The Indian Express drawing attention of the municipal authorities to this nuisance. Sign as Rukmani/Rakesh, Head Girl/Head Boy. (Word limit 120-150) (6 Marks)
You are Saurabh/Shweta, 15, Shashigardens, Ghaziabad. Read the advertisement given below and write a letter to the advertiser, applying for the job. Also give your detailed resume which you would send along with your letter of application.
You are Ram/Devi. You recently attended a health camp on yoga. Write an article on the benefits of Yoga for holistic health and the need to practice daily. (Word limit 150-200) (10 Marks)
Write a speech in 150-200 words on the topic ‘Discipline shapes the future of student’. It is to be delivered in the morning assembly. You are Karuna/Karan. (All India 2016)
You witnessed a street fight between a landlord and his tenant and felt bad about their uncouth behavior in a public place. Write a speech to be given in the school assembly, bringing out the need for good manners and polite behavior especially in public places. You are Lalita/Lalit. (Word Limit: 150-200) (10 Marks)
You are Venu/Fatima of Sapphire International School, Delhi. Your school recently organised winter carnival which featured the famous band Rock On. Write a report on the event in150-200 words.
TEXTBOOKS AND EXTENDED READING TEXT (40 MARKS)
Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow: (1 × 4 = 4 Marks)
Now we will count to twelve
and we will all keep still.
For once on the face of the Earth
let’s not speak in any language,
let’s stop for one second,
and not move our arms so much.
(а) What is the significance of the number ‘twelve’?
(b) Which two activities does the poet want us to stop?
(c) What does the poet mean by ‘let’s not speak in any language’?
(d) Describe the pun on the word, ‘arms’.
…………. I saw my mother,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that
of a cdrpse and realised with
(a) Who is “I”?
(b) What did ‘I’ realise with pain?
(c) Why was the realisation painful?
(d) Identify and name the figure of speech used in these lines.
Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each: (3 × 4 = 12 Marks)
(a) What does the reference to chappals in ‘Lost Spring’ tell us about the economic condition of the ragpickers? (All India 2016)
(b) What do we learn about the crofter’s nature from the story The Rattrap? (All India 2016)
(c) What is suggested by the ‘Massive weight of the uncle’s wedding band’?
(d) What does the poet want for the children of the slums? How can this change be affected?
(e) How did the dewan procure the hundredth tiger for the tiger king?
(f) How did the governor of Oxford Prison describe Evans to the secretary, examination board? (All India 2016)
Language is an essential part of one’s identity. How did M. Hamel and his students show their love for their language on the day of the last lesson? (6 Marks)
“Sophie’s dreams and disappointments are all in her mind.” Do you agree? Why or Why not? (NCERT)
Both the units of ‘Memories of Childhood’ present autobiographical episodes from the lives of two women from ‘marginalised communities’. Describe the main issues raised as well as the common features highlighted in them. (6 Marks)
Both Derry and Mr. Lamb are victims of physical impairments. Yet they are poles apart in their values and outlook to life. Comment. (Word limit 120 150)
How did Mrs. Hall show her excitement when Griffin came to stay at Coach and Horses Inn? ( Word Limit 120-150) [All India 2016] (6 marks)
What are Godfrey’s arguments for adopting Eppie? (Word limit 120-150)
Marvel was a perfect choice to carry out Griffin’s objective. Comment. (Word limit 120-150) (6 Marks)
Attempt a character sketch of Eppie. (Word limit 120-150) (All India 2016)
I. (a) (iv) both (ii) and (iii)
(b) (iii) its small area and small population
(c) (i) the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered
(d) (iii) most of its rulers were competent
II. (e) Bappa Rawal is the earliest king of Mewar mentioned in the passage. His reign started around 1500 years ago.
(f) Rana Kumbha gave a new stature to the kingdon of Mewar. Literature and art flourished during his reign. He himself had penchant for writing. His works are read with reverence even today.
(g) The people of Mewar may be peaceful and prosperous. It is reflected in their art, literature and loving nature. The pleasant nature of people compensate for lack of their admirable physique.
(h) The enviroment of Mewar was conducive to the creation of high quality work of art and literature. They flourished amidst aggression and bloodshed.
(i) Besides the forts and palaces of Mewar, the surprising pieces of architecture are seen in the public utility buildings also. These structures are testimony to the fact that the rulers had care for their subjects.
(j) The erection of Vijaya Stambha and Kirti Stambha in the same fort signifies the proximity/close relationship between the king and the subjects of Mewar.
(a) Astonishing (b) Testimony
I. (a) – (i) among rocks (b) (iv) is impulsive and impatient
II. (c) The mother panther rarely delivers five cubs.
(d) If the panther cubs are not born blind, they may drift away from the place of safety. They may also be devoured by hyenas, jackals and the other predators.
(e) The tigress was keeping a vigil over her cubs. The mahout did not want to disturb her. Instead, he desired to assure her that there was no danger. So, he drove his elephant away.
(f) The tigress spat at its cubs to make them aware of dangers. She also wanted them to learn patience.
(g) The tigress is protective of her cubs. She raises them alone and does not allow the male to reach them. Also she trains them well.
(h) Panthers do not face the risk of extinction because they procreate quite profusely and are distributed much widely.
III. (a) Drifting away (b) Descended
A. TITLE: The Habit of Collection
1. Sentimental value of collection
- delightful purpose of collection
- indiscriminate collectors
- lack of physical and mental energy
- association with past
2. Purpose of deliberate collection
- avoidance of wastage
- can be a mania
- a harmless habit
3. Adv. of collection
- relaxtn. for leisure hrs.
- as verfiying facts in ref. books
- source of educating people
4. Other benefits of collection
- meeting of like minded collectors/people
- source of travelling
- as authority on one’s hobby
Collection gives a delightful surprise to the people. The indiscriminate collectors only clutter their house. The people are sentimentally attached with the collections as they are closely linked with the past. But deliberate collection is merely a waste of time. The collection of small items bears no meaning as it can be said a mania. However, it can be treated as a harmless habit. On the other hand the habit of valuable collection is the source of relaxation. We get amusement at home. It also serves us as the source of knowledge. This hobby gives opportunity to meet like minded people also. We may apt for travelling to meet them in another town. We may become an authority on our hobby.
KKR Senior Secondary School
Kamal Enclave Mangalore
10th May, 20××
The Indian Express
Sub: Nuisance Caused by Stray Animals Dear Sir,
Through the columns of your esteemed daily, I would like to express the difficulties caused by stray animals near our school. Ours is a newly developed school situated on the outskirts of the city.
Stray animals are a great threat to pedestrians and vehicle drivers regularly causing traffic jams and often accidents too. Only recently a cow drove its horns into a class nine student causing severe injuries in his abdomen. The dairy owners let loose their domestic animals to graze on the domestic waste and garbage. Many a time the life of many a student is endangered on account of accidents caused by these animals. Stray animals are ubiquitous in the street in front of our school. Often they sit on the road causing considerable inconvenience and danger to the passersby most of whom are students of our school.
Several complaints made to the authorities in the past year have been in vain.
You are requested to give some space to my letter in your prestigious newspaper so that it may reach the ears of the authorities. I hope that the authorities concerned would look into the matter and take immediate steps to solve the problems of the residents.
Rukmani Head Girl
KKR Senior Secondary School
15, Shashi Gardens, Ghaziabad
19th Sept. 20××
Sapphire Senior Secondary School
Mira Enclave, Delhi
Sub: Application for the post of a librarian Dear Sir,
With reference to your advertisement in ‘The Times of India’ dated 7 th Sept. 20xx inviting applications for the position of a librarian, I hereby offer my candidature for the same.
As regards my qualifications and experience, I am enclosing my bio-data to enable you to make an assessment of my suitability for the given post. In case my application is considered, I am available for the interview at any time suitable to you.
If selected, I assure you that I shall work with utmost dedication and sincerity to your full satisfaction.
Hoping for a favourable response.
Enel. : Bio-data and Testimonials
Yoga: A Holistic Approach to Health
You are truly healthy when you are not just physically fit but also mentally and emotionally balanced. Weight loss, a strong and flexible body, glowing beautiful skin, peaceful mind, good health – whatever you may be looking for, yoga has it on offer. Very often, yoga is only understood as being limited to asanas . As such, its benefits are only perceived to be at the body level and we fail to realize the immense benefits yoga offers in uniting the body, mind and breath.
Sun Salutations and Kapal Bhati pranayama are some ways to help you lose weight with yoga. Pranayama and meditation are effective techniques to release stress. Yoga is also one of the best ways to calm a disturbed mind.
Yoga poses massage organs and strengthen muscles. Breathing techniques and meditation release stress and improve immunity. Yoga and pranayama help you bring your mind back to the present moment, where you can stay happy and focused. Yoga can even help improve your relationship with your loved ones by keeping the mind happy . Multiple tasks through the day can be quite exhausting. Yoga provides the secret to feeling fresh and energetic even after a long day.
The deeper you move into your yoga practice, the more profound are its benefits.
Discipline Shapes the Future of Student
Good morning, respected Principal, teachers and students! Today I wish to talk to you about the decisive role that discipline plays in a student’s life.
Discipline is the most fundamental of all qualities that shape a student. Discipline means self-control and never trespassing the rules of propriety.
The lack of discipline among the students is one of the chief social problems of the day. You should be a model student, diligent in studies, well behaved at home, in school and outside.
Elders who are indisciplined, set a bad example to the youngsters. They are unconsciously influenced by the elders. A healthy society which is composed of people who mind their business and who are not sources of botheration to others. Non-interference in others’ affairs is one of the most prized virtues .You should be obedient to your parents, teachers and elders.
You should get up early in the morning, do some exercises and keep yourself trim. Study diligently the lessons of the day. Our nation is often caught in a crisis as people become unruly and fight among themselves. From our young age we should train ourselves to be the ideal citizens of our nation.
It is said that the people of a nation are its wealth. Let us take a vow that we will be dutiful, honorable citizens of India.
Good morning, respected Principal, teachers and other staff! Today I wish to talk to you about the importance of good manners in public life
Man is considered as the most intelligent creation of God on the earth as he lives in the society as well as he has capacity to think, talk and act accordingly. So, he must know how to behave well and practise good manners to behave well with others in the society. Parents must teach their kids how should they behave with family members, neighbours, teachers, etc and respect the views of others. Being a well behaved person, one must be polite, gentle, disciplined, and sweet. Some people behave well with sweet words only at home but when they are outside or with strangers they behave badly.
Good manners help a person to show the same character, everywhere. Well mannered people know well how to show or explain the bitter truth with sweet words. They do not shout or quarrel in public. People, who lack good manners, generally have sharp tongue and behave roughly and abuse others without any reason.
They show that they lack a good culture, society and discipline, thus they are hated everywhere. Well mannered people are honoured and admired everywhere.
I urge you to always be polite and well mannered to all at home as well as outside.
Rock On Performs at Sapphire International
Delhi, 23rd Sept. 20xx: A grand winter carnival was organized on 22nd Sept. 20xx by Sapphire International School in the spacious school grounds. It was a warm and pleasant morning. The carnival was inaugurated by the Education Minister of Delhi Manish Sisodia.
The programme started at 11 am when the Education Minister arrived. He appreciated the beautifully organized carnival. About 100 stalls selling beautiful handicraft and utility items had been put up. There was a separate food court offering both Indian and foreign cuisines. The colourfully decorated game stalls were a great hit among the children.
The highlight of the carnival was the musical performance by the renowned band Rock On Himanshu, the lead singer regaled the audience with his melodious songs. The audience comprising students and their friends and family, enthusiastically applauded the performances.
The carnival ended at 6 pm. A student remarked, “This is the best carnival I have seen this year’. A part of the proceeds were donated to the NGO—Saathi.
(a) The poet wishes to remind the readers the need to keep quiet all twelve months of the year. Twelve could also refer to the twelve hours of the clock.
(b) He wants us to stop speaking and keep our arms still.
(c) He wishes people to to refrain from speaking in any language and unite by the common bond of silence.
(d) Arms could refer to both arms of the human body and the destructive weapons that humans have devised.
(a) Here T refers to the poet.
(b) She realized with pain that her mother was ageing and had become pale and ashen. She was slowly nearing death.
(c) The realization is painful as she fears the pain of separation from her mother.
(d) The figure of speech used here is ‘similie’. It occurs in the line ‘ashen like that of a corpse’.
(a) The ragpickers move around on dirty roads barefoot. There are several reasons to explain their lack of chappals. One says that wearing chappals was not a tradition in their family. Another says that his mother had not brought it down. The fact is that they were too poor to be able to afford chappals.
(b) The crofter was a lonely and credulous man. He was a generous man as he offered the peddlar food, hospitality and shelter. He even entertained him by playing mjolis with him. In good faith he even told him where he had kept his 30 kronor.
(c) Adrienne Rich’s ‘Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers’ is very rich in imagery. ‘Massive weight of Uncle’s wedding’ is a suggestive imagery. It is symbolic of the weight of the harsh and difficult experiences of her married life. The wedding band represents the unbreakable bond of marriage between the husband and the wife.
(d) The poet has a keen desire that these slum children should break the bonds of living in a slum area. They should not remain dejected, depressed and isolated from the rest of the civilized world. So he urges the governors, teachers, inspectors, invigilators and visitors to come forward and educate the slum children. They should be taken to the horizons of the blue sky so that they can progress and cope with the other world. Through education their life can be made to change.
(e) Dewan’s tiger was an old tiger. It was procured from the People’s Park in Madras. It was not ferocious and agile. It was passive and exhausted. He was pushed down to the ground. He wandered into the Maharaja’s presence and stood as if in humble supplication. The tiger was kept hidden in Dewan’s house. At midnight when the town slept in peace, the Dewan and his wife dragged the tiger into the car drove straight to the forest.
(f) James Roderick Evans was quite a pleasant sort of chap. He had no record of violence. He was one of the stars at the Christmas concert. But he was ‘just a congenital kleptomaniac.’ The prison officers called him “Evans the Break.” Thrice he had escaped from prison.
It is true that one’s language is a part of one’s cultural identity. It is inseparable part of one’s existence. In the story The Last Lesson, the villagers and M. Hamel became acutely aware of their love for French only when it was snatched from them. They regretted wasting their time in impulsive and futile pursuits and neglecting learning their own language. So the scene in the school on the day of the last lesson in French was different from that on other days. German was going to be imposed on them from the next day. Hence, all students and even the village elders had gathered there. The love for their native language French dominated all other things. Now it was too late as their opportunity had been taken away from them by the cruel Germans.
Like every youth when he is about to leave the school, the struggle of thought begins, even in Sophie. On their way back home, Sophie and Jansie discuss possibilities of work to be started. Sophie’s flight took off from boutique to shop manager, to an actress cum boutique owner and to a fashion designer, though both the girls were earmarked for a biscuit factory.
Like every young girl, Sophie also fancied the world. She also had in her fancies a strong feeling of knowing the unknown, seeing the unseen and even meeting the welcoming strangers. Though her father forbade for taking her to unknown places and countries, yet Sophie expected Geoff to acquaint her to all new and strange things, people and places. She fancied the world greeting and applauding them.
Finally in her fantasizing she had Danny Casey in her mind. So she visited the perfect place for lovers and sat on the solitary wooden bench under the tree. She waited for her lover coming out of the shadows but there was no sign of him. She became burdened with sadness. Thus Sophie’s dreams and disappointments are all of her own creations.
The lesson ‘Memories of Childhood’ presents autobiographical episodes from the lives of two women. They highlight the plight of ‘the marginalised communities’. The people of these communities never receive honour and dignity due to them. In ‘The Cutting of My Long Hair’ Bonnin describes how an Indian girl suffered extreme indignities. She tried to maintain her identity and her distinct culture. She liked to wear, long and thick hair. But the ‘paleface woman’ and others dragged her out. They tied her fast in a chair and gnawed off her long hair. In ‘We Too Are Human Beings’ Bama, a Tamil Dalit writer, presents the struggle of a girl of a low caste. The people of low castes are never respected and honoured. They have to carry a food packet by its string without touching it. The girl in ‘We Too Are Human Beings’ struggles, studies hard and stands first in the class. She attains equality, and honour.
The most common feature of both these episodes is the struggle and fight against racial and social discrimination. They don’t take oppression, exploitation and injustice meekly.
Derry’s main problem is his burnt face. One side of his face was eaten up by acid. He suffers from a tremendous sense of inferiority complex. He is always conscious that his face is ‘bad’, ‘terrible’ and ‘the ugliest’. People are ‘afraid’ of him. He tries to escape people. He allows himself to be alienated from the world. On the other hand, Mr Lamb doesn’t allow his physical disability to come in his way. He accepts life as it comes. He has a positive attitude towards life, things and people. He doesn’t find solace in escapism. Children tease him by calling ‘Lamey-Lamb’, but he doesn’t mind it. One of his legs was blown off in the war. But he is full of life and enjoys it at his best. He enjoys sitting in the sun, reading books and growing weeds and flowers.
Derry is withdrawn and defiant. He doesn’t trust people. He thinks that no one will ever love and kiss him except his own mother. He can’t stand people staring at him or passing uncharitable remarks. He is touchy and hyper-sensitive. Mr Lamb is open-minded and open-hearted. For him all are welcome. He loves everybody and everything. He teaches Derry how to handle people and things.
Griffin arrives in Bramblehurst railway station bundled from head to foot with only the tip of his nose showing. He enters the Coach and Horses Inn and demands a room and a fire. Mrs. Hall, the owner is quite excited and obliged as she feels lucky to have a customer in the chill of February. She was also delighted that he did not haggle over the rent. She prepares a supper for him and offers to take his coat and hat, but he refuses to take them off. When he finally removes the hat, his entire head is swathed in a bandage. Mrs. Hall thinks he has endured some accident that had disfigured his face. She tries to get him to talk about himself, but he is taciturn with her, although not particularly rude. When she went to clear his lunch dishes, the stranger finally requests her to have her luggage sent from Bramblehurst railway station. Her bid to initiate yet another conversation with the stranger is met with resistence as the stranger abruptly asks her to get some matches.
Godfrey insists that he has a claim on Eppie and confesses that he is her father. Hitherto he had refrained from revealing this secret out of moral cowardice and guilt he felt for Molly’s death. However he did feel a sense of responsibility towards Eppie. When Godfrey is ready to claim Eppie as his own, he tells Silas that he is standing in the way of Eppie’s welfare. He persuades him that being wealthier he would be able to give a more luxurious upbringing to Eppie. Silas says that he will not argue anymore and leaves the decision up to Eppie. Eppie who dearly loves Silas and regards him as her father refuses Godfrey’s offer of taking care of her.
Marvel is poor, homeless and jobless tramp. He wears shabby, old-fashioned clothes, like his ‘obsolete hat’, and he has buttons replaced by pieces of string. The narrator goes so far as to tell us that he does everything in a leisurely manner. He doesn’t seem to like work or excitement. The Invisible Man chooses him to carry out his ends as his own state of invisibility had necessitated the help of a normal person. Marvel was a destitute and a jobless man. Also he wasn’t as intelligent, strong willed and sharp as the invisible man. It was easy to manipulate him. Marvel was timid and quite terrified by the abusive and violent ways of the invisible man. He definitely doesn’t like working for the Invisible Man. So it’s no surprise when he decides to resign from his services.
Eppie is Silas’ adopted daughter and the light of his life. Even as a little girl, she is adorable. She is affectionate and trusting—she latches on to Silas right away—and she is full of high spirits and lovable mischief. She loves flowers and butterflies, and birds and animals and loves to explore the world around her.
Not much changes are seen in her even after sixteen years. When we meet Eppie again, she is still high-spirited and full of mischief, talking about her desire for a garden just where Aaron Winthrop will hear, because she knows that he will volunteer to dig it for her. She has a little dog and cat that she frolics with, and she calls Silas by pet names. Eppie is completely devoted to Silas. She doesn’t even want to marry Aaron because she is afraid that she will have to leave her father. And when Godfrey, her biological father, offers to make her a lady, she refuses quickly and firmly thus showing her love and loyalty to Silas.
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