According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) the CO2 concentrations in the Earth’s atmosphere surged to a record high in 2016.
The U.N. weather agency warned Monday that carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere increased at record-breaking speed last year.
The 50% increase of CO2 last year was higher than the average of the past 10 years, reported.
Researchers say a combination of human activities and the El Nino weather phenomenon drove CO2 levels to the point not seen in 800,000 years.
World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General Petteri Taalas said rapid cuts to CO2 (carbon dioxide) and other greenhouse gases are needed to avoid “dangerous temperature increases” by 2100 that would far surpass targets set in the Paris climate accord. Scientists say greenhouse gases are fuelling climate change, and the impact is already being felt around the globe.
“We are actually moving in the wrong direction,” Taalas said.
Scientists say, this risk making global temperature targets largely unattainable.
The WMO said CO2 levels are now 145 per cent higher than the rate in 1750. The 3.3 ppm increase last year was about 50 per cent faster than the average rate of 2.21 ppm over the past decade.
Last year average concentrations of CO2 hit 403.3 parts per million, up from 400ppm in 2015, which is largest increase in last 30 years, reported by Dr Oksana Tarasova.
The largest increase was in 1997-1998 and was 2.7ppm and now it is 3.3ppm.
The WMO produced this year ‘s greenhouse gas bulletin based on measurements taken in 51 countries. Research stations dotted around the globe measure concentrations of warming gases including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide.
WMO says the report breaks ground by showing the “global picture” on carbon levels. It hopes that will contribute to debate at a major climate conference in Bonn, Germany, starting next week.
We have many of the solutions already to address this challenge. What we need now is global political will and a new sense of urgency.