Rajasthan 2019 Population, Area, Physical Features, History, Literacy, Healthcare and Facts

Rajasthan is a state in northern India. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometers (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the “Rajasthan Desert” and “Great Indian Desert”) and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. Elsewhere it is bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest.

Major Cities
Udaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Ajmer, Kota
Districts 33
Formed on 26th January 1950.
Reorganized on 1st November 1956
Languages Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari, Mewari, Jaipuri, Malwi.
Known for Thar, (The Great Indian) Desert
Aravalli range divides Rajasthan into 2 divisions:
1. North-western region – Arid & unproductive Desert in the far west & northwest.
2. South-eastern region – Fertile & topographically diverse
Desert, Tropical thorny vegetation
Major Rivers
  • Chambal flowing from the Janapav to Madhya Pradesh
  • Sabarmati flowing from Aravalli Ranges to Gulf of Cambay
  • Banas River – originates from Rajasthan and joins Chambal.
  • Luni River flowing from Aravalli Ranges.
Major Regional
Gangaur, Teej, Brij Holi, Nagaur, Kota Festival, Pushkar Mela
Art Forms
Ghoomer, Gair, Chari, Kacchi Ghodi, Kathputli, Bhavai, Drum dance, Fire dance, Terah Taali & Maand
Industries Textiles, vegetable oil, gemstones, steel, wool, minerals, cement, ceramic and chemicals.
Handicrafts – such as leather goods, marble work, jewellery, pottery, embossed brass
Minerals Lead, zinc, feldspar, emeralds, wollastonite, garnets, gypsum, silver, rock phosphate, gypsum
Agriculture mustard, gram, bajra
Kota Doria, Kathputlis, Blue pottery, Molela clay work, Sanganeri, Hand Block Printing, Phulkari,
Bikaneri Bhujia, Bagru hand block print, Thewa artwork, Makrana marble
State Animal Camel
State Bird Great Indian Bustard
State Flower Rohida (Tecomella undulata)
State Tree Khejri (Prosopis cineraria)
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Keoladeo National Park
  • Chittorgarh Fort
  • Kumbhalgarh
  • Ranthambore Fort
  • Gagron Fort
  • Amber Fort
  • Jaisalmer Fort
Ramsar Sites
  • Keoladeo Ghana National Park
  • Sambhar Lake
  • Keoladeo Ghana National Park
  • Tal Chhapar Sanctuary
  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Sariska National Park
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Desert National Park
  • Keoladeo Ghana National Park
  • Bandh Baratha WLS
  • Bassi WLS
  • Bhensrodgarh WLS
  • Darrah WLS
  • Jamwa Ramgarh WLS
  • Jawahar Sagar WLS
  • Kailadevi WLS
  • Kumbhalgarh WLS
  • Mount Abu WLS
  • National Chambal WLS
  • Ramgarh Vishdhari WLS
  • Sambhar WLS
  • Sawai Man Singh WLS
  • Shergarh WLS
  • Sitamata WLS
  • Ranthambore
  • Sariska
  • Mukandra Hills

Major Highlights About Mr Ashok Gehlot

  • Ashok Gehlot is the son of Babu Laxman Singh Gehlot and was born on 3 May 1951 in Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
  • He is a science and law graduate and also holds an MA degree in economics.
  • He was the Chief Minister of Rajasthan from 1998 to 2003 and again from 2008 to 2013.
  • During his early career in Politics Mr. Gehlot was appointed as the first state president of National Student’s Union of India and successfully organised Congress’s student wing in the state.

Major Highlights About Mr Sachin Pilot

  • Sachin Pilot was born in Saharanpur city in Uttar Pradesh in a Gurjar Indian family. He is the son of the late Congress leader Rajesh Pilot, who was a Union minister of India.
  • He graduated from St. Stephens College, University of Delhi and did his MBA from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Highlights of Rajasthan

According to the 2011 Census of IndiaRajasthan has a total population of 68,548,437.

The native Rajasthani people make up the majority of the state’s population

The state of Rajasthan is also populated by Sindhis, who came to Rajasthan from Sindh province (now in Pakistan) during the India-Pakistan separation in 1947.

As for religion, Rajasthan’s residents are mainly Hindus, who account for 88.49 per cent of the population. Muslims make up 9.07 per centSikhs 1.27 per cent and Jains 0.91 per cent of the population.

As per the Census report of 2011, Rajasthan had a literacy rate of 67.06 per cent (80.51 per cent male and 52.66 per cent female).

Although Rajasthan’s literacy rate is below the national average of 74.04 per cent.

Though small in number, the Rajputs are perhaps the most-notable section of the population, comprising more than one-tenth of the population of Rajasthan.

The official language of the state, Hindi, to an extent has overshadowed the local languages of Rajasthan.

Reasons behind high population

Early marriage, increased fertility rate, low awareness about family planning etc.

21 Interesting Facts About Rajasthan

A colorful melange of stunning palaces, massive forts, delectable cuisines, diverse cultures and warm people, Rajasthan can be proudly termed as ‘India’s glory.’ Whether wanderers interested in adventures or a quiet sojourn, Rajasthan is a travelers’ destination. Besides the miscellany of the old and the new, Rajasthan has many aspects worth knowing. Here are some interesting facts about this glittering jewel of India:

The Largest State in India!

Rajasthan is India’s largest state by area (342,239 square kilometers). On 30 March 1949, it was formed after 22 kingdoms and principalities were merged into a single geographical entity.

The Land of Kings!

The word ‘Rajasthan,’ when divided into half, the literal meaning comes as Land of Kings (Raj – Kings, Sthan – Place/Land). The Land of Kings is synonymous with royalty, heroism, and honor.

Color-Coded Cities!

Almost every city in Rajasthan is coded with a specific color. Jaipur is Pink, Jodhpur is Blue, Jhalawar is Purple, and Udaipur is white.

A Perfect Topography!

From an unproductive region in the west to a fertile land in the east, Rajasthan’s topography is a potpourri of the sandy deserts and prolific vegetation.

Home to India’s Oldest Mountain Range!

The contour of Rajasthan is well divided by India’s oldest mountain range, Aravalli Range that runs across the state from the southwest to the northeast.

The Only Hill Station!

Located 1,722 meters above sea level and situated on the highest point of the Aravallis range, Mount Abu is the only hill station of Rajasthan. This quaint hill station is home to waterfalls, lakes and green forests.

World’s Most Beautiful Jain Pilgrimage Site!

Rajasthan is home to many religious monuments, the most famous is the Dilwara Temple of Mount Abu. Among the other Jain temples, Dilwara temples are considered the most beautiful example of architectural perfection.

Home to India’s Largest Districts!

Besides Rajasthan being the largest state of India, Jaisalmer is known to be the third largest district of India with an area of 39313 Sq. Km. The other three districts namely, Bikaner (28466 Sq. Km), Barmer (28393 Sq. Km) and Jodhpur (22901 Sq. Km) are the fourth, fifth and sixth largest districts of India respectively.

World’s Earliest Ploughing Field!

The town of Kalibangan in the Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan is considered world’s earliest attested plowed field.

India’s Largest Desert!

The Thar Desert or the Great Indian Desert is India’s largest and world’s 18th largest desert. More than 60% of the desert lies in Rajasthan.

India’s Only Saline River!

Luni River is the only saline river in India that passes through the Thar Desert and ends in the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. Luni is also the only river integrated into the desert.

A Festival of Marital Fidelity!

One festival which is enjoyed thoroughly in Rajasthan with enthusiasm and jest is Gangaur. This festival denotes the celebration of spring, harvest, and marital fidelity.

Bikaner’s Camel Festival!

Organised by the Tourism department of Rajasthan, this festival witness the desert state in its colorful glory. The festival celebrates and glorifies the tough animal and the gentle beast, Camel. Beautifully decorated camels with their carts laded with colored clothes are paraded in the festival. There are numerous activities like camel milking, camel races, fur cutting design, camel acrobatics, best breed competition, camel beauty pageants, etc. Not to forget the folk dance, music, food and shopping being major attractions too!

The Serenity of Ajmer Sharif!

It is one of the most sanctified shrines in the country. Ajmer Sharif Dargah is the holy shrine and tomb of Saint Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti. The beautiful Anasagar lake in the background is added bliss to this serene place. It’s been said that whoever visit Ajmer Sharif and pray with pure faith will free their soul. The Dargah witnesses a large number of visitors of every religion.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites!

Rajasthan is home to three UNESCO world heritage sites- Keoladeo National Park, Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron).

Haunted Fort of Bhangarh!

Bhangarh Fort is considered one of the most haunted places in India. Even the official administrative machinery doesn’t consider the place normal, and it has been prohibited to enter the fort from sunset to sunrise.

A Royal Journey!

The best way to experience the royal land of Rajasthan is with the Palace on Wheels, which is one of the world’s most exciting rail journeys. In 2017, it was renamed as the Heritage Palace on Wheels.

A Town That Vanished in a Single Night!

Located about 18 km from the city of Jaisalmer, a village named Kuldhara has an enigmatic story. It is believed that the town was abandoned by its villagers in the 1800s. It was like the entire town vanished in the course of a single night. Even to this date, no one knows where all of them went.

The Great Wall of India!

Kumbhalgarh or Kumbhal Fort is a Mewar fortress on the Aravalli range near Udaipur. In 2013, it was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has a 38km long wall, which makes the fort among the largest wall complex in the world and the second largest fort in Rajasthan after Chittor Fort.

Temple of Rats!

The Rat Temple or the Karni Mata Temple is situated at Deshnoke, about 30km from the city of Bikaner. The temple is popular for the 25 thousand black rats that live in the temple. The rats are considered auspicious, and devotees make offerings to them.

Livestock Fair!

The Pushkar Fair or Pushkar Mela is held in the town of Pushkar. It is one of the biggest fairs in the country. Besides being a livestock fair, the Hindus also observe their pilgrimage season at the Pushkar lake at the same time. The multi-day fair sees numerous fun activities and tourists gather in large number to take part in the same.

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