GK – List of National Flowers

In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas. Some countries have a country-wide floral emblem; others in addition have symbols representing subdivisions. Different processes have been used to adopt these symbols – some are conferred by government bodies, whereas others are the result of informal public polls. The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used.

Country Flower
Australia Golden Wattle
Argentina Cattleya orchid
Austria Edelweiss
Bangladesh White Water Lily
Belgium Azalea, Red or corn poppy
Bermuda Blue-eyed grass
Bolivia Inca magic flower
Brazil Cattleya orchid
Bulgaria Rose
Canada Maple leaf, Rose as symbol of England, Fleur-de-lis for France
Ceylon Wesak orchid
Chile Copihue
China Narcissus, Peony, Plum flower,
Colombia Mayflower orchid (or Christmas orchid)
Costa Rica Flor de San Sebastian
Cuba Ginger lily
Czech Republic Rose (traditional), Carnation (popular), Linden tree
Denmark Red Clover
Ecuador White nun orchid, Rose
Egypt Lotus or Water Lily
England Red tudor rose
Estonia Blue Cornflower
Ethiopia Calla
Finland Lily of the valley
France Lily
Germany None
Greece Guernsey lily
Holland Tulip
Hong Kong Bauhinia Blakeana
Hungary Tulip
India Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
Indonesia Melati jasmine, Moon orchid
Iran Rose
Iraq Rose
Ireland Shamrock
Italy Poppy or White Lily
Jamaica Lignum Vitae (Guiacum officinale)
Japan Chrysanthemum
Jordan Black Iris
Korea Rose of Sharon
Laos Rice
Latvia Oxeye Daisy
Libya Pomegranate Blossom
Lithuania Rue (Ruta)
Luxembourg Rose
Malagasy Republic Traveler’s tree
Malaysia Hibiscus
Maldives Rose
Mexico Dahlia
Monaco Carnation
Nepal Rhododendron
Netherlands Calendula (official), Orange tulip (popular)
New Zealand Kowhai
Nicaragua Sacuanjoche or May Flower
Northern Ireland Shamrock
Norway Heather
Pakistan Jasmine
Panama Dove orchid (or Holy Ghost orchid)
Paraguay Jasmine-of-the-Paraguay, Orange blossom
Persia Rose
Peru Inca magic flower
Philippines Sampagita Jasmine
Poland Cornflower
Portugal Lavender
Russia Chamomile, Daisy
Rumania Dog rose
San Marino Cyclamen
Scotland Thistle
Singapore Orchid: Vanda Miss Joaquim
Slovenia Carnation
South Africa King Protea
South Korea Hibiscus
Spain Red carnation, Pomegranate
Sweden Twinflower
Switzerland Edelweiss
Turkey Rose (traditional), Tulip (popular)
Uruguay Ceibo, Cockspur coral
Vatican City Easter lily
Venezuela Orchid
Wales Leek and Daffodil
Yemen Arabian coffee
Yugoslavia Lily of the Valley
United States Rose
Zimbabwe Flame Lily

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