The day preceding Pongal is called Bhogi when people discard old things and focus on new belongings. The disposal of derelict things is similar to Holika in North India. The people assemble at dawn in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh to light a bonfire to discard old used possessions. The house is cleaned, painted and decorated to give a festive look. In villages, the horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in colors and in most rural parts of Andhra Pradesh people celebrate it in a grand way as most of them would have their harvest ready or even would have made money out of the harvests.
Bhogi 2020: What is Bhogi and Importance of Bhogi Festival
History of Pongal – Significance of Bhogi Festival By Dr. Anantha Lakshmi – Happy Pongal
Significance of Bhogi
Bhogi is celebrated today by millions of people, especially the farming community. Bhogi is the first day of the Sankranthi or Pongal festival, which is celebrated for 3 days. Bhogi is celebrated in honor of the Lord Indra, the God of rains and clouds. On this day People seek blessings of Lord Indra for an abundant harvest and prosperity. Hence, Bhogi is also known as Indran in some parts of India.
People wake up early in the morning and thoroughly clean their houses. In Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu women decorate the front yard of their houses with rangoli (also known as kollam or muggulu) and farmers conduct a special puja before cutting paddy in their fields. Farmers pray to the earth and sun and anoint their sickles and ploughs with sandal wood paste. Then they proceed to the farms to cut the paddy.
In South India, people light up bonfires in front of their homes. They keep the fires burning by throwing useless household articles such as old clothes, old wooden furniture etc. They also burn agricultural waste in the bonfires. Women sing songs and dance around the bonfires and recollect the glories of the spring season and different Gods. The bonfires also symbolize the disposal or burning of old habits, vices and attachment to materials and relations.
Bhogi Subhakankshalu Telugu Images | Bhogi Wishes Images in English
Why is Lohri called Bhogi in South India?
Bhogi is the first day of the four-day Pongal festival. In Tamil Calendar, this corresponds to last day of the Tamil month Maargazhi.
On Bhogi, people discard old and derelict things and concentrate on new things causing change or transformation. At dawn, people light a bonfire with logs of wood, other solid-fuels and wooden furniture at home that are no longer useful.
Lohri coincides with the festivals of Bhogi(part of Pongal) and Bhogali Bihu.
Lohri actually marks the end of winter season, and is a traditional welcome of longer days and sun’s journey to the northern hemisphere.
It falls in the month of Paush and is set by the solar part of the lunisolar Punjabi Calendar. Bonfires are lit after the weeks of the rabi season cropping work, and people socialize around the fire, sing and dance together.