Gandhi Jayanti 2020 in India: Are you looking for the significance of Gandhi Jayanti and all about Mahatma Gandhi – the great leader of the nation? You have come to the right page. Here, we as a team compiled every single detail about Gandhi Ji and his birth anniversary. Gandhi Jayanti is a special day dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi Ji in India to mark his birth anniversary.
Every year, it falls on October 2nd and people celebrate this day as an Indian National Holiday. Also, it is one of the three national holidays of India. The UN General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence. Know more regarding Gandhi Jayanti 2020 when it is celebrated, how it is celebrated, and what are the events are going to be held on this special occasion via further sections.
Also Check: Mahatma Gandhi Birth Anniversary Wishes, Quotes, Greetings, Messages, Gifs, HD Images
From Mohan to Mahatma | All About Mahatma Gandhi
Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Born: 2 October 1869
Place of Birth: Porbandar, Gujarat
Death: 30 January 1948
Place of Death: Delhi, India
Cause of Death: Shot by Gun or assassination
Father: Karamchand Gandhi
Mother: Putlibai Gandhi
Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi
Children: Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, and Devdas Gandhi
Professions: Lawyer, Politician, Activist, Writer
‘Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’ alias Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. The parents of Bapu are Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. At the age of 13, Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturba which is an arranged marriage. They had four sons namely Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas. She supported all the efforts of her husband until her death in 1944.
He completed law studies in the United Kingdom (UK) and trained law in South Africa. Bapu was a political & spiritual leader in India. In the Indian Independence Movement, Mahatma Gandhi acts as a major role and set an example of simple living and high thinking. He fought for the betterment of poor people in the country.
One of the great pioneers of non-violence and truth is Babu. Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagraha (non-violence) movement for the Indian freedom struggle. Through Gandhi’s efforts, India finally won its freedom on August 15, 1947. The nation cried for him after he was assassinated on January 30, 1948.
On 6th July 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhi as “The Father of the Nation” and on 28 April 1947, Sarojini Naidu during a conference also referred Gandhi as “Father of the Nation.” Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite song ‘Raghupati Raghava’ is traditionally sung at all meetings associated with him.
Gandhi Jayanti Significance
Mahatma Gandhi’s love for the nation, supreme dedication for our country’s independence, and kindness to poor people has awarded him the honor to be called “Father of the Nation” or “Bapu”. He gave his life in the struggle for Indian Independence and gained freedom on 15th August 1947.
In remembrance of his contributions, sacrifices, love for the country, philosophy, truth, and non-violence, we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on Oct 2nd every year and also this day is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence worldwide, announced by the United Nations General Assembly on the 15th of June 2007. In some parts of the country, Bapu’s birthday is commemorated with physical activities based on some theme, to grow public awareness globally.
The prevailing three locations in India play significant roles in the celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday:
- The Martyr’s Column at the Gandhi Smriti in New Dehli where Mahatma Gandhi was shot on January 30, 1948.
- The Raj Ghat on the banks of the river Yamuna in New Dehli where Mahatma Gandhi’s body was cremated on January 31, 1948.
- The Triveni Sangam where the rivers Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati come together near Allahabad.
How is Gandhi Jayanthi Celebrated?
Every year, 2nd October is the day where people celebrate Gandhi Jayanti. On the day of Gandhi’s birth anniversary, people from all over the world reunite at particular places and cherish extraordinary moments of Mahatma Gandhi’s freedom struggle for India. At schools and colleges, many events and special performances were organized to give tribute to Gandhi Ji.
All members despite caste, religion, and lifestyle gather in one place and celebrate Gandhi Jayanti together. Numerous dedicatory activities, developmental and cultural events are held at various parts of India on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. The other events that are held in remembrance of Gandhi Ji on a special day are as under:
- On this special day, people show films and book readings on Mahatma Gandhi’s life and achievements.
- Events like art exhibitions and essay competitions are hosted for students at school.
- People offer prayers, commemorative ceremonies, and tributes at several locations all over India.
- Awards are given to projects stimulating a non-violent way of life.
- Flowers and flower garlands are placed on many statues of Mahatma Gandhi throughout India.
- In addition, some people evade eating meat or drinking alcohol on this day.
Mahatma Gandhi’s 151st Anniversary Events
On Mahatma Gandhi’s 151st birthday, he was paid different tributes.
- The Central Railway zone celebrated Mahatma Gandhi’s 151st Birth Anniversary Year by painting diesel locomotives with the Mahatma Gandhi’s picture on the backdrop of the national tricolor.
- In a tribute to Gandhi, The Honorable Prime Minister has released a coin of ₹150 on his 150th birthday. Congress interim chief Sonia Gandhi, former PM Manmohan Singh also paid tributes at Rajghat. Congress workers took a mass oath to carry forward Mahatma Gandhi’s vision. Meanwhile, BJP chief Amit Shah flaged off the party’s nationwide Gandhi Sankalp Yatra. In the evening, PM Modi visited Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat to address 10,000 sarpanches. He also declared India ‘Open defecation free’ and success of the Swachh Bharat Mission and launch a war against plastic.
- An exhibition titled ‘Picture Postcards for Gandhi’ to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution towards the environment was held at M.F. Hussain Art Gallery of Jamia Millia Islamia. The exhibition was conceived, designed, and curated by Prof. Farhat Basir Khan.
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FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday Celebration
1. When we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti in India?
In India, people celebrate Mahatma Gandhi Birth Anniversary as Gandhi Jayanti on October 2nd every year.
2. On which day does Gandhi Jayanti fall in 2020?
In 2020, Gandhi Jayanti falls on Friday, 2 October 2020.
3. How is Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated?
On this occasion, the government called a national holiday for students, employees, cinema theaters, and many others. You will see Gandhi Jayanti celebrations in all states and territories of the Union. Gandhi Ji also called Bapu Ji – a father of our nation. In schools and colleges, students play a drama on the history of Gandhi Ji and also participate in Various forms of Gandhi remembrance competitions.
4. Was Mahatma Gandhi awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
No, Mahatma Gandhi was not awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. But he was nominated 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
5. Which Magazine named Gandhi “Man of the Year”, in 1930?
In 1930, Time Magazine named Mahatma Gandhi “Man of the Year”. The collected works of Mahatma Gandhi have 50,000 pages.